On this page we will explain everything you need to know about hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating), including why it occurs and what treatments can help solve the problem.
What is excessive sweating and what are the symptoms?
Sweating is a natural process in the human body that helps regulate temperature and eliminate toxins. However, some people suffer from excessive sweating, also known as hyperhidrosis, which can be uncomfortable and embarrassing.
Excessive sweating occurs when sweat glands produce sweat in greater quantities than necessary to regulate body temperature. This can result in intense and disproportionate sweating, even in normal or low-stress situations.
Excessive sweating can affect several areas of the body, including the armpits, hands, feet, face and groin area.
Symptoms can vary from person to person, but generally include excessive sweating, sweat stains on clothes, unpleasant odor, and social discomfort. This condition can cause embarrassment and affect the self-esteem and quality of life of those who experience it, leading the person to avoid social situations and limiting daily activities.
What are the causes of excessive sweating?
Recent research has shown that individuals with hyperhidrosis are not necessarily more anxious than the rest of the population, so although nervousness and anxiety can cause excessive sweating, there may also be other underlying causes.
Hyperhidrosis can be divided into 2 types: primary hyperhidrosis and secondary hyperhidrosis.
Primary is the most common form of hyperhidrosis but the causes are not well known. It is only known that it is often a genetic condition.
Secondary hyperhidrosis is caused by an underlying medical condition, such as hormonal disorders (such as those arising from menopause or thyroid disorders), side effects of medications (such as antidepressants, pain relievers or blood pressure medications), neurological diseases (such as Parkinson’s ), certain infections or other diseases, such as diabetes, hypoglycaemia, obesity, etc.
Treatment for excessive sweating
Hyperhidrosis treatment options are varied, depending on the parts of the body involved. The Living Clinic doctor will assess the location and severity of the situation and select the best option for your particular case.
It is common practice for any corrective action to begin with medical prescriptions (pharmacological treatment) to reduce sweating and later progress to more complex treatments such as, for example, iontophoresis or botulinum toxin injections. Surgery can be seen as the last resort to treat this condition.
What is the difference between hyperhidrosis and bromhidrosis?
Hyperhidrosis refers to the excessive production of sweat, while bromhidrosis is related to the unpleasant odor that can result from the action of bacteria on the skin. Although they are not directly associated, they can occur simultaneously.
How to prevent excessive sweating?
Preventing excessive sweating can be challenging, but there are several steps you can take to reduce excessive sweating and the discomfort associated with it.
- Use appropriate antiperspirants and deodorants frequently;
- Take a shower daily and carefully wash the areas most prone to sweat, such as armpits and feet;
- Wear clothes made from natural fabrics, such as cotton, that allow air to circulate and sweat to evaporate. Avoid synthetic fabrics that trap heat and moisture;
- Tight clothing can restrict ventilation and worsen sweating. Opt for looser, more airy clothes;
- Stay hydrated. Drinking enough water is important to maintain body temperature;
- Avoid eating very spicy, very hot or very seasoned foods;
- Caffeinated and alcoholic drinks can increase body temperature and lead to excessive sweat production. Reduce your consumption of these substances if possible.
- Emotional stress can lead to excessive sweating. Practice relaxation techniques, such as meditation, yoga or deep breathing exercises, to help manage stress.
As previously mentioned, in cases of axillary hyperhidrosis, Botulinum Toxin can help reduce sweat production. This is a temporary but effective treatment.
In severe cases of hyperhidrosis, you may need to see your doctor. It may be necessary to prescribe medication to help control sweating. In some cases, surgery may be considered.
Schedule an appointment to hear the doctor’s recommendation for your particular case and clarify all your doubts.
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